parrot cages top

UK Parrot Cages parrot cages, dog crates, cat trees, parrots
Dierenvilla Petcare UK

Parrot Forum


Bird Links

Payment Options

Our Policies



HOME - UK Parrot Cages CONTACT US - UK Parrot Cages SEND US AN E-MAIL

Lady Parrot / Bird Cage


Palace Parrot / Bird Cage


Penthouse Parrot / Bird Cage


Hagen Dog Cage
cover Falconry for Beginners
Lee Williams Harris
New £12.50!
Used £8.95!
cover Starting with Ducks
Katie Thear
New £7.95!
cover Hen and the Art of Chick...
Martin Gurdon
New £7.19!
Used £3.17!
cover Falconry Basics
Tony Hall
New £14.21!
cover Extraordinary Chickens
Stephen Green-Armytage
New £10.52!
Used £8.00!
cover Training Birds of Prey
Jemima Parry-Jones
New £8.57!
(Prices May Change)
Privacy Information






















































































































































































































































































































































































































Easy Tickets- Online Ticket Auction for Concert Tickets, Sports Tickets and lots more



Parrot / Bird Information & Care


African Greys   Cockatoos   Macaws  Conures   Amazon

  Ringnecks   Budgerigar   Lories/Lorikeets  Parrotlets

Cockatiels   Caique   Quaker/Monk   Eclectus   Lovebirds 

UK Parrot Cages - Petcare



About Conures as Pets and More

Where Are They From?

Conures can be found in most of South and Central America. Some species are also well represented in the West Indies, as well as parts of Mexico. In the wild conures are friendly, peaceful birds and seldom fight with each other. They live together in groups of twenty or more birds, even during the mating season, and feed on various seeds, fruits, and insects.

The Many Types

There are five genera of Conures. A brief description of each follows:

Genus Aratinga   This is by far one of the most popular genus of Conures. There is some disagreement regarding the actual number of species, but the number seems to be between 15 and 21. The scientific name Aratinga derives from the fact that these birds are similar to macaws (genus Ara): "tinga" is a diminutive, so that "aratinga" means "little macaw."

Some of the birds that fall under this genus include the Sharp-tailed Conure, the Blue-crowned Conure, the Mexican Green Conure, the Red-throated Conure, the Brown-throated Conure, the Sun Conure, the Jenday Conure, The Finsch's Conure, the Mitred Conure, the Dusky Conure and the Queen of Bavaria Conure.

Genus Nandayus nenday  This species is a very close relative to the Aratinga. In fact, it is listed as Aratinga or Nandayus nenday. The Nanday Conure is native to southeastern Bolivia, northern Argentina, and Paraguay. The birds live in large flocks, often together with Monk Parakeets. Nanday conures are considered to be sociable birds, even with other species. Their coloring consists of a blue-black head, cheeks and throats.

Genus Brotogeris  These green colored parakeets have narrow tails and long, pointed wings that cover the tail. Some species are imported regularly every year and make ideal aviary birds. Some of the species that fall under this genus are the Tirica Parakeet, the Canary-winged Parakeet, the Orange-chinned Parakeet, the golden-winged Parakeet and the Grey Cheeked Parakeet. A great site featuring these birds can be found at The Grey-Cheeked Parakeet Page.

Genus Enicognathus  This genus includes two currently quite popular species, the Slender-billed Conure and Austral Conure. Both come from southern South America. The Austral conure is mainly green, with most of the feathers darkly edged. The forehead and eye stripe are red. These birds are native to southern Argentina and Chile. The slender- billed conure is green, with an olive-colored belly. The flight feathers are bluish. They can be found in central Chili in noisy groups of 50-300 birds. In spring they move to the mountains.

Genus Cyanoliseus  The Patagonian conure and its three subspecies belong to the genus Cyanoliseus. The Lesser Patagonian conure's upper side is olive-brown with an olive green sheen. This bird ranges from southern to central Argentina, occasionally into Uruguay. These birds have become increasing popular in aviculture, although their voices are loud and piercing. The Greater Patagonian is somewhat larger than the Patagonian conure and has a more robust beak. These birds are very hardy and need a daily supply of fruit tree and willow twigs, as well as thick branches, to satisfy their desire to chew.

Genus Pyrrhura  Many members of this interesting genus are not often seen on the market, which is a shame because they are very beautiful birds and it is said they are not nearly as noisy as the Aratinga species. They are also said to be minimally destructive if regularly supplied with fresh twigs to occupy their attention. This genus includes the Green-Cheeked Conure, Blue-Throated Conure, the Painted Conure, the White-Eared Conure, the Crimson-bellied Conure, the Black-Capped Conure and the Maroon-bellied Conure.

Home ~ Sweet ~ Home

Cages:   I believe the general consensus regarding cages is "the larger the better". One word of caution however, the bars must be close enough together so that there is no possibility of the bird getting his head caught between the bars. Recommended minimum measurements for the smaller birds are 24 inches long, 16 inches wide and 20 inches high. Larger species should have a cage at least 44 x 26 x 40.The cage should be square or rectangular with horizontal bars, so the birds can climb.

Perches:   In addition, perches supplied with cages are often too thin. Make sure the perch is about 3/4 to 1 inch in diameter so that the bird's claws cannot quite reach around them. The bird will then have a better grip and their toenails are less likely to become overgrown. Concrete perches are not recommended. These are very irritating to the bird's feet which you can imagine.

Natural perches are extremely useful. A least one perch should be placed high in the cage since conures love roosting as high as possible. Be careful not to fill the cage with too many perches however. There should be plenty of space for them to move about. If using natural branches, be sure they have not been sprayed with insecticides. Elder, willow, eucalyptus, and small fruit tree branches have been recommended.

While on the subject of plants, please make note of the various plants you have in the surrounding area. Birds LOVE plants, and many plants are poisonous. I have compiled a list of the potentially poisonous ones here.

Bedding:   There are several types of bedding available for birds, however, the most commonly recommended seems to be plain butcher paper or newsprint (not the glossy inserts). This allows the owners to easily monitor changes in the droppings which could indicate illness. Personally, I use plain white copy paper. I have a home based business, so this paper is readily available and is not very expensive.

The other types of bedding include: corn cob, crushed walnut shell, and pine shavings. However, all three of these can be potentially harmful to the birds. Apparently, the corn cob and walnut shell can cause crop impaction if ingested by the birds and the pine shavings can cause respiratory problems. In addition, another draw back is the fact that bacteria tends to grow quickly on these types of bedding.

In any case, the bedding should be changed daily.

The Cover:   I never thought this would be an issue, but one day I had a horrible scare. Apparently, during the night Louie had chewed a hole in his cover. I had just gotten up and all of a sudden I heard him SCREAMING and it was not his normal "get me up" kinda call. This was an emergency.

Somehow, he had chewed the blanket in such a way that there were several long loose threads and he had managed to get them wrapped around his neck. He was freaking, I was freaking... he bit me hard several times as I held him with one hand and broke the string with the other. Bless his heart, who would have ever thought. Anyway, the moral to this story is not to use a loosely woven cover and to inspect the cover often.

Lighting / Temperature:   It is very important not place your bird's cage where there are drafts. They too, can catch colds if they get chilled. Generally, whatever temperature is comfortable for you will be fine for your bird.

Lighting is also important. The experts recommend that birds receive some indirect sun light. Just like humans, they too need sunshine to stay healthy. Some owners place full-spectrum lighting near their birds cages. If you do choose to use this type of lighting be sure to only use only those which are made especially for birds.

Household Dangers:   There are several common household items which are potentially harmful and possibly fatal to your bird. Please make a note of them and do further research if any of these issues affect you.

  • Teflon  - This product has been the killer of countless household birds. It is found not only in cooking utensils but also in many other common household appliances, including hairdryers and portable heaters.

  • Air Fresheners & Scented Candles  - Do not use these items around birds. The fumes are toxic.

  • Carbon Monoxide  - This could be an issue if you use natural gas heaters. Please have your furnace checked regularly.

  • Other Pets  - While some owners report that their birds and other animals get along fantastically, it should be noted that it only takes one bite or scratch from a cat or dog to kill your bird. The germs they carry in their saliva and on their claws are deadly to birds.

  • Cleaning Products  - Almost all cleaning products are toxic.

  • Perfume / Hairspray  - Birds have very sensitive respiratory systems and these items are toxic to them.


Main Course:    main "dish" during the day are pellets made by Kaytee. It took me a very long time to wean Louie from seeds. I still give him a small amount of seeds as a treat now and then but I usually pick out the sunflower seeds. For the record, sunflower seeds are deficient in lysine, which is essential for plumage development. Some birds if given the chance, like Louie, would eat only the sunflower seeds and ignore everything else. If you are trying to convert your bird to pellets please don't give up. It has probably taken me longer than it should to convert Louie but I'm a softie. I have tried countless brands and the plain Kaytee pellets are the only ones he liked.

Side Dishes:    Fruits and vegetables are a very important part of a bird's diet. Just about anything that is good for you is good for your bird. Just be careful not to give them foods which contain a lot of salt, fat or sugar. Their bodies do not metabolize these items like we do and can actually be very harmful to them. One word of caution, there are some foods that should NEVER be given to birds - avocado, chocolate, caffeine and of course, alcohol. These items are highly toxic to the birds.

It's difficult for me to get Louie to try new things. I really have to nag him :) He LOVES grapes, apples, green beans and carrots though and I'm constantly on the lookout for new veggies and fruits he will enjoy.

Dessert:    As another treat, I give him Avi-Cakes made by Lafeber's. They are fortified with vitamins and he loves them.

Loudness / Vocal Abilities

Conures are LOUD folks! Sorry, but that's the truth ;) Their screeching can be ear piercing. In fact, my boyfriend insists upon earplugs! But their delightful personalities make up for any annoyances caused by the screeching. Besides, it is only at certain times that Louie is loud; particularly in the morning when he is ready to "get up" (have the cover removed from his cage) or when he is stressed about something.

Conures are also great "talkers". I have heard cases of just about every species of conure talking. Their "voices" certainly aren't as clear as some of the larger parrots but their owners can understand what they are saying :) Unfortunately, the only thing Louie says is "come here". But it is an adorable "come here", and melts my heart every time he says it. He also has a cute little laugh that just cracks me up.

Please note that not all parrots talk and that includes conures - some do and some don't. Of course it helps to talk to them often and clearly but there is no guarantee your bird will talk. Be prepared to love them just for the adorable creatures that they are.


Conures are known for their sweet dispositions and playfulness and I can vouch for that. Of my two birds, Louie is definitely the most affectionate. He loves to cuddle and will even take naps with me. Well, actually, he's the only one that ever goes to sleep. I'm too afraid of falling asleep and rolling over and crushing him. I remember one day, after waking up from a nap, he slowly came out from under the covers, blinked his little eyes and yawned. Two or three little feathers on top of his head were sticking straight up! It was hilarious, reminded me of Alfalfa. :)

He is also very protective. He has bonded exclusively to me and if in "the mood" will defend me. I have even heard of a conure that successfully protected his owner from an intruder.

These little birds are characters! I really don't know how else to put it. He definitely has a mind of his own, but then, I have spoiled him beyond belief!

Odd Behaviors or "What the HECK is he doing?"

Head Bobbing:    I've read that this is mostly a baby gesture. They do this to tell show their parents that they are hungry. Apparently, they continue to do it in adulthood as an "attention getter." Louie does this while making little whispering noises. Actually, *blush* I've found myself bobbing my head back at him ;)

Backing Up:    When your bird backs up to your hand or whatever and rubs her behind on you, basically... hmmm...well.... she's in love :) Its a female sexual maneuver and you should feel flattered - she "wants" you :)

Pecking:    I have no idea what this means, but apparently it is a normal behavior for birds. Louie does it when he is really concentrating on something, like tearing up a paper towel.

Beak Grinding:   Basically this means "I'm a happy camper." Louie grinds his beak mostly at night when he is relaxed and content. But sometimes he will do it during the day after play time or after eating a particularly pleasing meal.

UBEs:   UBE stands for "Unidentified Bird Emergency" - Every now and then, birds will become startled "out of the blue" and will go into a panic. This usually consists of flying frantically or flapping their wings and screeching at the top of their lungs. There doesn't have to be a reason, they just do it. It doesn't seem to happen very often and there is usually NOTHING going on... I mean total silence. The "episode" only lasts a few seconds and then they act as if nothing ever happened :) Who knows?

Wing Flapping:   When your bird gently flaps his wings close to his body, he wants to come to you. Usually this happens when I walk near or stand close to Louie's cage. Of course, I can never resist picking him up!

French Kissing:    For some reason, Conures will sometimes try to 'slip you the tongue' when you kiss them. I nearly fell out of my chair when Louie did that! Beware though, the experts warn against letting them do it. Apparently, we humans have bacteria in our mouths for which birds do not have an immunity. So "safe" kissing only :)

Play Time

Toys:   Toys - Gotta Have 'Em! Conures are very playful birds and can become bored quickly if they don't have anything to amuse themselves. There are countless types of toys on the market and most are very inexpensive. Louie seems to prefer the hanging types with large wooden beads and ropes at the bottom. Of course, within a few days, the wood beads are only a memory :)

I am sure each bird is different is this regard, but it shouldn't be too hard to discover their favorites. Toys with bells are also on his list, but I have to be careful to buy bells that have very strong and large ringers. Unfortunately, Louie also highly favors my keyboard. So if you see any typos - Louie did it! ;)

Their beaks are incredibly strong, and because of this the toys should be chosen carefully. Do not bother buying toys made for parakeets - not only will they be turned into a heap the next day, but they can also be dangerous. In addition, just because the toy is made for birds, do not assume it is safe. Several birds have died playing with a toy called "Cotton Candy" and a visitor recently wrote that her bird was strangled playing with a toy called "Krazy Cluster."

Fun & Games:   Conures love to play games. Louie's favorite seems to be "peek-a-boo." I'll cover his head with a paper towel or tissue and then with great surprise say "peek-a-boo." He repeats it in a whispery voice and will even try to cover himself if I'm not continuing the game fast enough.

Louie also likes to "finger wrestle." He'll grab my finger in his beak (gently) and start this weird squealing noise while holding onto my finger with both feet. I usually turn him on his back and shake my finger back and forth as if tickling him. He gets a great kick out of it.

Bath Time

Conures love to take baths, as do most birds. Most pet shops sell small bathing tubs made especially for birds. However, I use a glass pie plate which works quite well. I only put a little over a quarter of an inch of lukewarm water in it and it seems to work perfectly. Louie hasn't complained. Besides, he has more room to splash and he can REALLY spread his wings. After his bath I wrap him gently in a towel and hold him close to me until he is dry.

Bed Time 

Conures, according to the experts, need 12 hours of uninterrupted sleep each night. Louie seems to prefer going to bed at dark. In fact, if I am off doing something else, he will let me know he is ready for bed by screeching. As soon as I cover his cage he climbs to his little corner and falls fast asleep.


One of the first things a new owner should do is to train their bird the "Up" command. This command will be very helpful to you in the future.

The "Up" Command:   Basically, the idea is to teach the bird to "step up" onto your finger or hand held perch upon your command. I taught Louie to do this in just a few short sessions over a period of a couple of days. The method I used was to put my finger against his body just above his feet and said "Step Up". When he did step on my finger I praised him. We did this over and over again until he "got it". They are very eager to please their owners and if they can figure out what you want, they will generally do it for you.

Behavorial Problems

Several people have written me regarding behavioral problems and while I'm certainly no expert, I thought I would share with you some tactics that might help.

Overwhelming Screeching:    There are several reasons why a bird may have screeching problems, namely being spoiled, lonely or stressed. If the screeching relates to being spoiled... (wants to be with you every waking moment of the day or else!), then I would suggest possibly covering his cage for a few moments when he starts to scream. After he becomes quiet, then remove the cover. You must be consistent with this method for it to work. These little guys are very smart and will quickly learn that if they scream they will get covered. This particular method worked for Louie very quickly. As you know, he's quite rotten :)

If that doesn't do the trick, you may have to resort to moving him to a quieter part of the house. Sometimes a new bird will become stressed easily if there is a lot of activity going on around him all the time.

As for loneliness, the best cure of course, is more time from his humans. If that is impossible, perhaps you can relieve it by giving him new toys, treats or possibly even leave the radio or tv on for him.

Biting:    Let's face it guys, all birds bite at one time or another. But, biting all the time is a different story. Louie seemed to go through a "nippy" period when he was very young. One method that worked for me was to "wobble" my hand just a little bit, until he almost lost his balance, and he would let go. It didn't take but just a couple of times and he hasn't bitten me hard since.

I say hard because it seems that when Louie is molting he becomes kinda "grouchy" and will give me "warning" bites. They never hurt but you can tell he's just not in the best of moods.

Chewing on Your Clothes:    Conures love to chew and chewing on your clothes is no exception. I had one visitor who wrote that her t-shirts had "more holes than material"! This is quite normal. In fact, I've totally given up on trying to discourage Louie from chewing on my shirts. I only wear my "bird shirts" around him and when they've 'had it' I throw them away.

Skittishness:    Sometimes a newly acquired bird may exhibit a lack of trust and be skittish. This behavior is normal. It is quite traumatic for a bird to be moved to a new home. Birds that have had previous owners are especially affected, particularly if the bird was mistreated or neglected. The only advice I can give is to be patient, talk softly and often to the bird and offer him treats from your hand. Eventually, he will hopefully come to see you as a friend.

Training No No's:    Never, ever, ever punish your bird by hitting him, spraying him with water or by screaming at him. These guys have very sensitive personalities, and you can warp him for life. They will not forgive and forget! It takes years sometimes, if ever, for abused birds to become trusting again.


Like most pets, birds need to be groomed from time to time. There are basically two things you will need to do - trim their wings and clip their toenails. Of course, if you'd rather not do it yourself, I'm sure your Vet will be happy to do it for you.

Clipping the Wings:    There is some controversy regarding wing clipping, but in my humble opinion, I'd rather be safe than sorry. These little guys can get into so much mischief even after being clipped, its scary to think of what all they could get into if they were fully-flighted. I've heard horror stories of birds flying into ceiling fans, flying into a pot of boiling water on the stove, and even drowning in a toilet. And let's not forget the many unfortunate owners that have lost their birds when a door or window was left open by mistake.

{stepping off soapbox} Clipping the wings is not hard, but I recommend that you have someone who is experienced show you how. There are definitely issues you need to watch for and you need to know what you are doing. If you accidently cut a blood-feather, your bird could actually bleed to death if you don't have the necessary medicines available. At first, I was terrified... but thanks to Louie's patience ;) we have the process down pat. It only takes about 5 minutes every 3 or 4 months.

Trimming the Toenails:    The same is true for trimming the toenails. Its not difficult, but you need to know how to do it properly. I think Louie dislikes the nail trimming worse than wing clippings, mainly because I'm so slow :) But he's a trooper and he indulges me.

Determining Sex

Sex determination on conures, for the most part, is difficult if not impossible. Actually, I haven't a clue if Louie is a male or female, but since I'm not breeding "him" it really does not make that much difference. An Avian Vet can determine sex using certain procedures such as DNA testing or surgical testing.

One visitor wrote me that breeders use a certain technique that can determine sex without such tests. You can lay your conure on its back and feel the pelvic bones. If they are close together (touching or almost touching), then its a male; if they are far apart then its a female. This is because the female requires extra room for the eggs. This makes sense but I don't know how accurate it is. If this is true, then Louie is actually Louise :)


As with all animals, birds are susceptible to certain diseases. I will discuss a few here, but if you have any doubts what-so-ever, PLEASE take your bird to the vet as soon as possible. All of these diseases are dangerous and need immediate attention from a vet.

Aspergillosis  A respiratory infection caused by breathing spores of the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. Symptoms include heavy breathing and tail bobbing. Please see the VET IMMEDIATELY!

Colds and Sinus Inflammations  These frequently affect cage and aviary birds as a result of drafts, temperature differences, vitamin A deficiency, stress and exposure to various bacteria and viruses. Symptoms include nasal discharge, runny eyes, and sneezing. Affected eyes tend to look droopy. Please see the VET IMMEDIATELY!

Diarrhea  This is not a disease but a symptom. Please see the vet!

Egg Binding  This is caused by oversized or soft-shelled eggs, stress, muscle weakness or disease. The hen will usually sit at the bottom of the cage with her feathers ruffled up breathing heavily. Again, Please see the VET IMMEDIATELY!

Feather Plucking  This is usually the result of vitamin deficiency, listlessness, boredom or over-crowding. A Vet can certainly help with the vitamin deficiency. The boredom and listlessness can be alleviated possibly with new toys, twigs or treats. However, sometimes it is not really clear why some birds are pluckers. I would suggest seeking out other owners of birds who have experienced this and obtaining their feedback.

Pacheco's Disease  This is a massive problem in the US. It is caused by a specific virus and is primarily seen in areas where many birds are kept, such as pet shops, zoos, or quarantine stations. The symptoms include stress, diarrhea, depression and appetite loss. Please see the Vet IMMEDIATELY!

Psittacosis  This disease is caused by an intracellular parasite. Affected birds do not want to eat, fluff up the feathers, gasp for air while moisture drips from the nostrils. Their droppings are a gray-green in color. The final stage of this disease is marked by nervous disorders. Affected birds die quickly. Please SEE YOUR VET IMMEDIATELY! Humans can get this disease too!!

Proventricular Dilitation Disease (PDD)  This is an infectious and deadly disease for which there is currently no cure. Symptoms include: depression, weight loss, regurgitation, and/or passage of undigested food in the feces. Please see the Vet IMMEDIATELY!

Psittacine Beak & Feather Disease (PBFD)  This is another infectious and deadly disease for which there is no known cure. The virus is spread by inhalation or ingestion of virus particles. Feather dust is known to contain vast amounts of the virus. All newly purchased birds should be tested for this virus before being introduced to an existing flock. Symptoms include: loss of feathers or abnormal feather development, depression, weight loss, and diarrhea. Please see the Vet IMMEDIATELY!

Giardia  This is a microscopic parasite which is transmitted through the injestion of contaminated food, water or fecal material. Symptoms include weight loss, soft lime green stools, dry flaky skin and sometimes feather plucking. Please see the Vet IMMEDIATELY!

Mites  Although uncommon in Conures, these external parasites burrow into the skin around the beak, eyelids, legs, and feet and are responsible for scaly face and leg disease. Apply benzylbenzoate or Eurax cream while your vet treats the bird with an injectable medication.

Worms  There are two types of worms that can infect birds: roundworms and threadworms. These are also uncommon in Conures, but please see your vet for the proper medication if you suspect their presence.

I can not stress enough how important it is to take your bird to the vet if your bird shows any of these or other disturbing symptoms. Birds will very often try to hide their symptoms in order to appear healthy because of survival instincts. In fact, they are so good at this that by the time we notice the symptoms it is often too late.


Conures kept under optimum conditions and given a balanced diet are remarkably resistant to disease and you should rarely have any problems. It is my belief the best prevention for these and other diseases is cleanliness and regular checkups from your vet. For the most part, these birds are very hardy.


According to a recent article in Bird Talk Magazine, the lifespan of Conures was shown to be a maximum of 25 years and the average lifespan was quoted as being 10 years. I have even heard of conures living as long as 35 years. It is not uncommon for exotic bird owners to include a clause in their wills providing for the care of their birds in the event the birds outlive the owners.




African Greys  Cockatoos  Macaws  Conures  Amazon

Ringnecks  Budgerigar  Lories/Lorikeets Parrotlets

Cockatiels  Caique Quaker/Monk  Eclectus  Lovebirds


Parrot Cages - Indoor Aviaries - Play Stands For Parrots

Bird Cage - Pet Cages - Parrots - Macaws

UK Parrot Cages - Petcare



Home  Parrot Cages  Java Tree Stands  Playstands  Contact Us  FAQ's

Parrot Toys   Our Policies  Payment Options  UK Parrot Breeders  Cage Covers 
Parrot Information  Parrot Forum  Links  Dog/Pet Cages  Cat Tree




Copyright © 2006 UK Parrot Cages - Dierenvilla Petcare UK
Website re-design and development by